Patara a Lycian city near the Kalkan town of Antalya’s Kaş district and was the capital of the Lycian League. It is among the six cities of the Lycian League with three voting rights. Lycian union conferences have been hold within the council constructing of the union within the metropolis.
The city is call Patar in Hittite and Pttara in Lycian language. It has been understood as a result of the excavations that the city has existed since the 8th century BC. It’s identifie that it was among the many cities besiege by Alexander. The city was additionally an important metropolis in the course of the Roman interval and was the capital of the Lycian-Pamphilian states.
Patara port has been important in terms of grain storage and shipping. Patara is one of the 3 important grain warehouses in the Eastern Mediterranean. The city, which continue its development in the Byzantine period, was considere important by the Christians. Saint Nicholas, known as Santa Claus, is also say to be from Patara.
Patara harbor, which is 400 meters wide and 1600 meters deep, starts to fill with sand and boats have difficulty in docking, causing Patara to lose its importance. Sand blown by the wind fills the harbor over time and covers the city to a large extent. Some of the ruins that can be see in the city today were unearthe under the sands in a well-preserve condition.
In addition, there are the remains of Anatolia’s first radio station, located 750 meters from the parliament building, which is the ancient city structure of Patara. It is know that this radio station was usedfor 7 years during the Ottoman period.